A alquaida acabou

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How did al-Qaeda begin?

Al-Qaeda began as a logistical network to support Muslims fighting against the Soviet Union during the Afghan War; members were recruited throughout the Islamic world. When the Soviets withdrew from Afghanistan in 1989, the organization dispersed but continued to oppose what its leaders considered corrupt Islamic regimes and foreign…

Who is al Qaeda and what did it do?

Since declaring a holy war on the United States, Jews and their allies, al Qaeda has been found responsible for nearly 3,000 deaths on 9/11, and numerous other deadly attacks around the world. The global terror network has been linked to radical groups across the Middle East and beyond.

Why is it called al-Qa’idah?

Brother Abu Ubaida … created a military base to train the young men to fight against the vicious, arrogant, brutal, terrorizing Soviet empire … So this place was called ‘The Base’ [‘Al-Qa’idah’], as in a training base, so this name grew and became. We aren’t separated from this nation.

What has been the impact of the Al Qaeda plot leak?

“Qaeda Plot Leak Has Undermined U.S. Intelligence”. The New York Times. ^ Gaynor, Tim (January 13, 2010). “Al Qaeda linked to rogue aviation network”. Reuters. Retrieved May 8, 2011. ^ “US allies, Al Qaeda battle rebels in Yemen”. Fox News. August 7, 2018. ^ “Allies cut deals with al Qaeda in Yemen to serve larger fight with Iran”.

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Who runs al-Qaeda?

Ayman al-ZawahiriAyman al-ZawahiriMilitary careerAllegianceEgyptian Army (1974–1977) Egyptian Islamic Jihad (1980–1998) Al-Qaeda (1988–2022)Years of service1980–2022RankGeneral Emir of Al-Qaeda26 more rows


Who was the mastermind of the 9/11 attacks?

mastermind Khalid Sheikh MohammedFILE – A photo of alleged Sep 11, 2001 mastermind Khalid Sheikh Mohammed soon after he was arrested. The latest setback came last month when pretrial hearings scheduled for early fall were canceled. The delay was one more in a string of disappointments for relatives of the nearly 3,000 victims of the attack.


Who is the leader after Osama bin Laden?

Ayman al-ZawahriThe United States’ killing of Ayman al-Zawahri, successor to Osama bin Laden as al-Qaida’s leader, marks the end of an era for the jihadi group. Any new leader will take over an organization with grand aspirations but weak capacity, Daniel Byman writes. This piece originally appeared in Lawfare.


What did Osama bin Laden do?

Osama bin Laden, also spelled Usāmah ibn Lādin, (born 1957, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia—died May 2, 2011, Abbottabad, Pakistan), founder of the militant Islamist organization al-Qaeda and mastermind of numerous terrorist attacks against the United States and other Western powers, including the 2000 suicide bombing of the U.S. …


How many people died in 911?

2,996September 11 attacks / Number of deaths2,996 people died in the September 11, 2001 attacks, including 2,977 victims and 19 hijackers who committed murder–suicide, while thousands more were injured. Of the 2,977 fatal victims, 2,753 were killed in the World Trade Center and the surrounding area, 184 at the Pentagon, and 40 in Pennsylvania.


Who found Bin Laden?

Eleven years ago, a team of two dozen Navy SEALs flew under the cover of darkness into Abbottabad, Pakistan to carry out one of the most important counter-terrorism missions in history – to capture or kill Osama bin Laden.


What does al Qaeda want?

Al Qaeda and ISIL both pursue a strategic religious objective. Al Qaeda wants to Extend Islamic Authority and Religion into New Areas of the World and ISIL wants to Expand Islam and Sharia Worldwide.


Why did 911 happen?

The September 11 attacks were precipitated in large part because Osama bin Laden, the leader of the militant Islamic organization al-Qaeda, held naive beliefs about the United States in the run-up to the attacks.


What was bin Laden’s net worth?

As a result, bin Laden’s company eventually amassed assets in excess of US$5 billion. He made his initial fortune from exclusive rights to all mosque and other religious building construction in Saudi Arabia and several other Arab countries.


Where was bin Laden found?

Osama bin Laden is killed in Abbottabad, Pakistan, in a raid led by US Navy SEALs. President Obama receives live updates in the White House Situation Room, and makes a Statement to the Nation at 11:35 p.m. Eastern Time.


When did 911 happen?

September 11, 2001 at 5:14 AM PDTSeptember 11 attacks / Start date


How did America find Osama?

In August 2010, U.S. intelligence agencies developed information that Osama bin Laden was likely living in a compound in northern Pakistan. On May 2, 2011, under orders from President Obama, a special operations unit raided the compound and killed bin Laden.


How many Bin Laden’s are there?

Family members. American and European intelligence officials estimate that all the relatives of the family may number as many as 600. In 1994, the bin Laden family disowned Osama bin Laden, and the Saudi government revoked his passport.


How many children did bin Laden have?

Children. Bin Laden fathered between 20 and 24 children.


How old was bin Laden when he died?

54 years (1957–2011)Osama bin Laden / Age at death


How did America find Osama?

In August 2010, U.S. intelligence agencies developed information that Osama bin Laden was likely living in a compound in northern Pakistan. On May 2, 2011, under orders from President Obama, a special operations unit raided the compound and killed bin Laden.


What is the al Qaeda network?

The al Qaeda Network. The U.S.-Led War on Terror. Al Qaeda’s Continued Threat. Sources. Before September 11, 2001, many Americans knew little of al Qaeda or its founder, Osama bin Laden. But the roots of the militant Islamist network, whose name is Arabic for “the Base,” date back to the late 1970s and the Soviet Union’s invasion of Afghanistan.


Why was Al Qaeda created?

Along with Abdullah Azzam, a Palestinian Sunni Islamic scholar, preacher and mentor of bin Laden, the men began to grow a large financial network, and when the Soviets withdrew from Afghanistan in 1989, al Qaeda was created to take on future holy wars. For Bin Laden, that was a fight he wanted to take globally.


What was Bin Laden’s holy war?

For these and other reasons, Bin Laden declared a jihad, or holy war, against the United States, which he has carried out through al Qaeda and its affiliated organizations.”.


Where was Osama bin Laden shot?

Navy SEALs, shot and killed the terrorist leader at a private compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan. Read more: How SEAL Team 6 Took Out Osama bin Laden.


What happened to the Black Hawk helicopter?

Al Qaeda took credit for the attack on two Black Hawk helicopters during the Battle of Mogadishu in Somalia in 1993, as well as the World Trade Center Bombing in New York in 1993, and a car bombing in 1995 that destroyed a U.S.-leased military building in Saudi Arabia.


How many people died in 9/11?

Since declaring a holy war on the United States, Jews and their allies, al Qaeda has been found responsible for nearly 3,000 deaths on 9/11, and numerous other deadly attacks around the world. The global terror network has been linked to radical groups across the Middle East and beyond.


What did Benjamin Banneker write to Thomas Jefferson?

Benjamin Banneker writes to Thomas Jefferson, urging justice for African Americans. 6 Common Jobs in Colonial America. The attacks led to the U.S. War in Afghanistan, a.k.a. Operation Enduring Freedom, launched on October 7, 2001, driving bin Laden’s protector, the Taliban, from power, although the war continued.


What was the name of the group that organized the 9/11 attacks?

Al-Qaeda merged with a number of other militant Islamist organizations, including Egypt’s Islamic Jihad and the Islamic Group, and on several occasions its leaders declared holy war against the United States. The organization established camps for Muslim militants from throughout the world, training tens of thousands in paramilitary skills, and its agents engaged in numerous terrorist attacks, including the destruction of the U.S. embassies in Nairobi, Kenya, and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania (1998), and a suicide bomb attack against the U.S. warship Cole in Aden, Yemen (2000; see USS Cole attack ). In 2001, 19 militants associated with al-Qaeda staged the September 11 attacks against the United States. Within weeks the U.S. government responded by attacking Taliban and al-Qaeda forces in Afghanistan. Thousands of militants were killed or captured, among them several key members (including the militant who allegedly planned and organized the September 11 attacks), and the remainder and their leaders were driven into hiding.


What was the impact of the invasion of Afghanistan in 2001?

The invasion of Afghanistan in 2001 challenged that country’s viability as an al-Qaeda sanctuary and training ground and compromised communication, operational, and financial linkages between al-Qaeda leadership and its militants.


Why did Al-Qaeda start?

Al-Qaeda began as a logistical network to support Muslims fighting against the Soviet Union during the Afghan War; members were recruited throughout the Islamic world.


What group did Al-Qaeda join?

Al-Qaeda merged with a number of other militant Islamist organizations, including Egypt’s Islamic Jihad and the Islamic Group, and on several occasions its leaders declared holy war against the United States.


What happened to the USS Cole?

Damage sustained by the USS Cole after being attacked by Muslim militants in the harbour of Aden, Yemen, October 12, 2000. Smoke and flames erupting from the twin towers of New York City’s World Trade Center after the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001; both towers subsequently collapsed.


What is an encyclopedia editor?

Encyclopaedia Britannica’s editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.


When was the USS Cole attacked?

Damage sustained by the USS Cole after being attacked by Muslim militants in the harbour of Aden, Yemen, October 12, 2000.


Visão geral

A Comissão Nacional sobre Ataques Terroristas nos Estados Unidos (Comissão 9/11) concluiu que a Al-Qaeda é responsável por um grande número de ataques violentos e de alto nível contra civis, alvos militares e instituições comerciais pelo mundo.


Organização e estrutura

Em comunicados formais, Osama Bin Laden preferia usar o termo “Frente Internacional pelo Jihad contra os Judeus e Cruzados” como nome para o grupo, em vez do termo mais famoso Al-Qaeda .


História

A Al-Qaeda teve seu embrião na Maktab al-Khadamat (MAK), uma organização formada por Mujahidin que lutavam para instalar um estado islâmico durante a Guerra soviética no Afeganistão nos anos 1980. A organização foi inicialmente financiada pela CIA.


Atividades do grupo

O primeiro atentado militante que a Al-Qaeda realizou, consistiu de três bombas em hotéis onde tropas americanas tinham estado, pouco antes, hospedadas em Aden, Yemen, em 29 de dezembro de 1992. Dois turistas, um do Yemen e outro da Áustria morreram neste atentado. Bin Laden responsabilizou-se pelo ataque mais tarde, em 1998.


Financiamento

Na década de 1990, o financiamento da Al-Qaeda veio em parte da riqueza pessoal de Osama bin Laden. Outras fontes de renda incluíram o comércio de heroína e doações de apoiantes no Kuwait, Arábia Saudita e outros estados islâmicos do Golfo.


Críticas e controvérsias

Jornalistas, escritores, políticos, agentes de serviços de inteligência e documentários questionavam, desde 2003, a real ameaça representada pela Al-Qaeda, bem como sua origem, sua natureza e até mesmo a sua existência. [ligação inativa]


Disclosure statement

Charles Kurzman does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organization that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment.


Partners

Al-Qaida was planning two sets of terrorist attacks on the United States in 2001. On Sept. 11, 2021, as Americans commemorate and mourn the lives lost that Tuesday morning 20 years ago, it is important to remember the second plot as well – the attacks that didn’t happen.


How does the deck stack against transnational jihadis?

The deck is heavily stacked against transnational jihadi groups. They seek to revolutionize world order but face insurmountable obstacles: Operationally, they rarely succeed in gaining territorial control, let alone expand such control across borders. The Islamic State’s attempt to erase the border between Iraq and Syria only increased the international community’s sense of urgency to defeat the group. Transnational jihadists may occasionally catch states and the international community by surprise, but they are simply too weak to use local success as a springboard to a comprehensive and sustained drive beyond the attack itself.


What happened to al Qaeda in 2020?

To start, in January al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula leader Qassim al-Rimi was killed in a U.S. drone strike in Yemen, inflicting a serious blow to the group’s most operationally capable branch. Other al-Qaeda branches were attenuated over the course of 2020. Abdelmalek Droukdel, who led al-Qaeda’s branch in North Africa, was killed by French forces in Mali in June. In Syria, al-Qaeda’s unofficial branch, Hurras al-Din, continued to suffer leadership losses, further winnowing al-Qaeda’s cadre of veteran leaders. Al-Qaeda branches also suffered defeats on the battlefield. Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula was routed in Bayda governorate in Yemen, while Hurras al-Din’s ability to operate in Syria’s Idlib region was crippled by Hayat Tahrir al-Sham on the ground and by American drones from above.


How has Al-Qaeda transformed?

What is beyond doubt is that al-Qaeda has transformed itself over the years. Prior to the 9/11 attacks, it was a small and hierarchical organization of no more than several hundred fighters. A few years later, group membership increased exponentially, and its operational gravity shifted from targeting the West to growing its strength in the Middle East and North Africa. But as the group became increasingly decentralized, its command and control weakened. Al-Qaeda’s weakness is not due to the self-proclaimed Islamic State’s success. The Islamic State group has suffered similar difficulties in bridging central leadership with its periphery over the past year, and the conflict between the two jihadist heavyweights is mostly localized. Reinforcing the trend toward decentralization, parochial dynamics appear to be more relevant in the dynamics of this competition than any instructions dictated by the organizations’ central leadership.


What is the impact of eliminating Al-Qaeda?

The impact of eliminating al-Qaeda affiliate leaders has been to remove the connective sinew between the core and its legions of foot soldiers, further isolating senior leaders hiding in Afghanistan and Pakistan. As Charles Lister succinctly described al-Qaeda recently, it has turned into “a loosely networked movement, comprising likeminded but regionally distinct groups, each pursuing increasingly local agendas.” Last year witnessed the exacerbation of this trend, making the role that al-Qaeda core plays more symbolic than meaningful in any operational sense.


Where was Al-Qaeda routed?

Al-Qaeda branches also suffered defeats on the battlefield. Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula was routed in Bayda governorate in Yemen, while Hurras al-Din’s ability to operate in Syria’s Idlib region was crippled by Hayat Tahrir al-Sham on the ground and by American drones from above. Al-Qaeda’s central leadership was forced to grapple with …


Is al-Qaeda in the Sahel?

In the Sahel, al-Qaeda’s subbranch Jama’at Nusrat al-Islam Muslimeen has expanded its presence and operational tempo and does not appear to be deterred by a continuing French military campaign in the region. What is beyond doubt is that al-Qaeda has transformed itself over the years.


Is Al-Qaeda in Africa?

Al-Qaeda’s East Africa branch, al-Shabaab, continues to raise its profile through spectacular attacks, including well-coordinated operations beyond Somalia’s borders, and regularly targets neighboring countries (particularly Kenya). In the Sahel, al-Qaeda’s subbranch Jama’at Nusrat al-Islam Muslimeen has expanded its presence and operational tempo and does not appear to be deterred by a continuing French military campaign in the region.

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Descrição geral


Organização e estrutura

Em comunicados formais, Osama bin Laden preferia usar o termo “Frente Internacional pelo Jihad contra os Judeus e Cruzados” como nome para o grupo, em vez do termo mais famoso Al-Qaeda.
Embora o uso do nome Al-Qaeda fosse anterior, só em 2001 foi formalmente usado enquanto denominação do grupo, quando o governo estado-unidense d…

Em comunicados formais, Osama bin Laden preferia usar o termo “Frente Internacional pelo Jihad contra os Judeus e Cruzados” como nome para o grupo, em vez do termo mais famoso Al-Qaeda.
Embora o uso do nome Al-Qaeda fosse anterior, só em 2001 foi formalmente usado enquanto denominação do grupo, quando o governo estado-unidense d…


Visão geral

A Comissão Nacional sobre Ataques Terroristas nos Estados Unidos (Comissão 9/11) concluiu que a Al-Qaeda é responsável por um grande número de ataques violentos e de alto nível contra civis, alvos militares e instituições comerciais pelo mundo. O relatório da comissão atribuiu os ataques de 11 de setembro de 2001 ao World Trade Center em Nova Iorque, ataque ao Pentágono em Arlington e ao voo 93 na Pensilvânia ao comando da Al-Qaeda.


História

A Al-Qaeda teve seu embrião na Maktab al-Khadamat (MAK), uma organização formada por Mujahidin que lutavam para instalar um estado islâmico durante a Guerra soviética no Afeganistão nos anos 1980. A organização foi inicialmente financiada pela CIA. Osama bin Laden foi um dos fundadores da MAK, juntamente com o militante palestino Abdullah Yusuf Azzam. O papel da MAK …


Atividades do grupo

O primeiro atentado militante que a Al-Qaeda realizou, consistiu de três bombas em hotéis onde tropas americanas tinham estado, pouco antes, hospedadas em Aden, Yemen, em 29 de dezembro de 1992. Dois turistas, um do Yemen e outro da Áustria morreram neste atentado. Bin Laden responsabilizou-se pelo ataque mais tarde, em 1998.


Financiamento

Na década de 1990, o financiamento da Al-Qaeda veio em parte da riqueza pessoal de Osama bin Laden. Outras fontes de renda incluíram o comércio de heroína e doações de apoiantes no Kuwait, Arábia Saudita e outros estados islâmicos do Golfo. Um telegrama interno do governo americano divulgado pelo WikiLeaks declarava que “o financiamento do terrorismo, proveniente da Arábia Saudita, continua sendo uma preocupação séria”.


Críticas e controvérsias

Jornalistas, escritores, políticos, agentes de serviços de inteligência e documentários questionavam, desde 2003, a real ameaça representada pela Al-Qaeda, bem como sua origem, sua natureza e até mesmo a sua existência.
Em maio de 2003, o presidente da Síria, Bashar al-Assad, afirmou duvidar da existência da rede terrorista e classificou a forma como a mesma era apresen…


Morte de Ayman al-Zawahiri

No dia 31 de julho de 2022, o líder foi assassinado por um drone americano em Cabul às 06:18 no horário local e foi usado um Hellfire R9X para o ato; Zawahiri deixou sua família (que saiu ilesa do ataque), tinha 72 anos e foi parceiro de Osama Bin Laden.

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