A bagunça acabou

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How did GAPI Baguna conquer Tidore?

When Gapi Baguna’s small fleet of korakoras (outriggers) approached Tidore, it was surrounded by a large Ternatan fleet under the sea lord Rubohongi, who captured the Sultan. The prisoner was kept under surveillance in Ternate, but in the meantime Tidore was ably governed by his brother Kaicili Kota (Alcazen).

What is the Bagua and how can it help you?

Through understanding the bagua, we can redirect the energy flow to focus on things we need to improve and enrich by increasing the positive chi and correct the negative chi. With proper use, this tool will help an individual achieve his goals and will be a powerful and positive influence on his life.

What is the bagua map?

The Bagua map will help you assess, improve, and enrich every aspect of your life and assist in self-discovery. Here at Bagua Center, we try to help our clients achieve the same thing through workshops for different practices and disciplines.

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Background

The family background of Gapi Baguna is somewhat obscure. Tidore king lists say that he succeeded a Sultan called Iskandar Sani who does not occur in the 16th-century sources. According to the Spanish historian Bartolomé Leonardo de Argensola (1609) he was the brother and successor of Sultan Gava who was murdered on a state visit to Ternate.


Break with Ternate

Malukan fencers at the time of the first Dutch visit in Maluku in 1599, at the end of Gapi Baguna’s reign.


The Portuguese fort

Fortaleza dos Reys Magos, built with the admission of Gapi Baguna in 1578, shown during a Dutch attack in 1605; from India Orientalis (1607).


The Spanish-Portuguese Union and its consequences

The news of the Iberian Union between Spain and Portugal were received in Maluku in 1582, to the consternation of Babullah, who again vainly tried to ally with Gapi Baguna against the Europeans. The recent Spanish conquest of the Philippines made for a far more acute threat against Ternate and, conversely, opportunities for protection for Tidore.


Abortive marriage project

A Malukan lady, as depicted in C. Veccellio, Habiti antichi et moderni (1598).


Death and succession

In the 1590s Gapi Baguna was already an old man by the standards of the time. He was known to maintain a relatively frugal lifestyle, and when he fell ill after a feast there were consequently suspicions of foul play. According to Argensola the ailing ruler passed away on 29 April 1599, shortly before the Dutch and English showed up in Maluku.


The 8 Trigrams

The Bagua is divided into 8 Trigrams with each of them consisting of three broken (Yin) or unbroken (Yang) lines. These trigrams represent the fundamental principles of reality:


Bagua Map and Feng Shui

Feng Shui practitioners use bagua to analyze the energy in a given space such as homes or offices. By laying out the trigrams in 3×3 squares, you will have wisdom and knowledge, career, and helpful people and travel on the bottom part, Abundance and prosperity, fame and reputation, love and relationship in the top most part.


The Bagua Center

The Bagua Center represents your physical, psychological, and spiritual health. It is the most important of all as it touches and affects every aspect of your life and well being and must always be our priority and the center of our actions.


Bagua for Healing

Here at Bagua Center, we want to help you and others let Chi energy to flow freely and connect different bagua areas to another. We want to help you improve your physical, psychological, and spiritual well-being through our workshops such as Reiki, Tai Chi, Meditation, Tantric Yoga, and many other classes.

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Overview

Sultan Gapi Baguna (c. 1547 – 29 April 1599), also known as Sirajul Arifin, was the sixth Sultan of Tidore in Maluku Islands. He reigned from 1560 to 1599, a time of major political realignments. Due to the great expansion of Tidore’s rival Ternate, the previous Tidorese hostility towards the Portuguese was changed into a strategic policy of cooperation, while the Spanish establishment in the Philippines and the Iberian Union in 1581 brought him Spanish support.


Background

The family background of Gapi Baguna is somewhat obscure. Tidore king lists say that he succeeded a Sultan called Iskandar Sani who does not occur in the 16th-century sources. According to the Spanish historian Bartolomé Leonardo de Argensola (1609) he was instead the brother and successor of a Sultan called Gava who was murdered on a state visit to Ternate. Near-contemporary documents show that he was a cousin (primo) of Sultan Babullah of Ternate (r. 15…


Break with Ternate

The murder of the Ternatan Sultan Hairun in 1570 at the hands of the Portuguese led to a general uprising against the white foreigners, who were besieged in their fortress in Ternate. The new Sultan Babullah initially cooperated with the Tidorese in confronting the Portuguese forces. Matrimonial relations played a role in the bond since a sister of Babullah married the Sultan in c. 1571. Tidor…


The Portuguese fort

Soon after the successful escape, a hundred Portuguese under Sancho de Vasconcellos arrived from Ambon in 1578 to construct a fort in Tidore, Fortaleza dos Reys Magos. Gapi Baguna henceforth delivered 100 bahar of cloves to the Europeans each year as pareas, a kind of tribute in exchange for military protection. Although Babullah had built up a vast maritime spice empire from Mindanao to Sulawesi to the Banda Islands, he made no effort to invade Tidore since the fo…


The Spanish-Portuguese Union and its consequences

The news of the Iberian Union between Spain and Portugal were received in Maluku in 1582, to the consternation of Babullah, who again vainly tried to ally with Gapi Baguna against the Europeans. The recent Spanish conquest of the Philippines made for a far more acute threat against Ternate and, conversely, opportunities for protection for Tidore. However, an Iberian attempt to invade Ternate from the Tidore base in the same year failed completely. After Babullah’s death a few m…


Abortive marriage project

In spite of the perennial rivalry with Ternate, relations were not entirely severed, as the two Sultanates stood in a dualistic relation sealed by marriages. The Portuguese complained that the Tidore ruler forwarded classified information to his Ternate counterpart. Gapi Baguna had a role in promoting the succession of Saidi Berkat as Sultan of Ternate in 1583. He was betrothed to a Ternatan prin…


Death and succession

In the 1590s Gapi Baguna was already an old man by the standards of the time. He was known to maintain a relatively frugal lifestyle, and when he fell ill after a feast there were consequently suspicions of foul play. According to Argensola the ailing ruler passed away on 29 April 1599, shortly before the Dutch and English showed up in Maluku. Other documents suggest he may have died at least one month later. Argensola states that he left two nephews called Kaicili Mole and K…


See also

• List of rulers of Maluku
• Spice trade
• Sultanate of Tidore
• Sultanate of Ternate
• Portuguese-Ternate wars

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